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Infertility is defined as the failure to become pregnant after one year of unprotected intercourse. There are two types of infertility; Primary infertility, which is infertility without any previous pregnancy; and secondary infertility, when there has been a previous pregnancy.

What are the causes of infertility?

A basic infertility evaluation is carried out to find out the cause of infertility.

Common causes of infertility are:

  • Ovulation problems

  • Tubal causes

  • Sperm causes

  • Unexplained infertility

  • Age-related factors

Some less common causes are:

  • Uterine problems

  • Endometriosis

  • Previous tubal ligation

  • Previous vasectomy

  • Various drugs

  • Cervical factors

When to see your doctor?

In todays world of professional couples with a busy and hectic life style, planning of first pregnancy is usually late. Though there is no specific time frame as to when to consult your doctor but you can see your doctor if the pregnancy does not take place even after one year of unprotected intercourse.

You might want to wait a little longer if you are in your twenties but if both of the partners are in mid or late thirties then the advice will be to seek professional help as with advancing age there are increased chances of anomalies in the baby and more complications in the mother during pregnancy and labour.


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